In constructing a horse arena, creating the right footing is critical to safety and performance. The ideal riding arena footing should have a springy surface, good traction, adequate drainage, and no dust. These qualities help prevent horse injuries, boost performance, and promote the health of every person and animal in the arena. Here are the factors to consider when building custom footing for your riding arena.

Consider Drainage

First and foremost, select a riding arena location that promotes natural drainage. There are several drain systems that can be used to maximize drainage and decrease your down time. All of these options are specific to your arena design, layout, material and climate.

Components of a Riding Arena Footing System

There’s no such thing as a magic recipe for the perfect arena footing. The system you install will depend on the materials available to you, the disciplines you plan to perform, and the local environment. No matter what type of footing you construct, the three components will include the base, subsurface, and top dressing.

The base

The base of an arena is the most important aspect. Plan to invest most of your funds in a quality base and drainage system. A wide variety of options are available for base material. Your best options are dependent upon the discipline, the amount of use, and the drainage system selected, as well as whether it is an indoor arena or an outdoor arena. The amount you use depends on the arena placement and local soil conditions. The importance of the base cannot be underestimated. If a slope or crown in needed that is dependent on the material used and climate.

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The subsurface

The subsurface material depends heavily on the discipline. For example, an arena will need a hard base, while a barrel racing or jumping event will need a less compacted base.

The top dressing (surface footing)

The visible part of the arena is the top dressing, also known as the surface footing. It’s important for the surface of your arena to provide adequate cushion yet remain stable. The material should bind together yet not pack too easily.

Natural arenas have surface footings made of combinations of sand, silt and clay. The type of sand you choose is critical. Sands vary drastically in size, shape, and hardness. Rounder sands are typically less stable than angular sands. The hardness of the sand determines its durability and lifespan, which helps minimize a dust issue.

The ideal sand for your top dressing is natural sand, which is typically mined in open pits or from dunes. Angular sands are available in a wide range of sizes that typically offer more traction and durability. The grains link together by friction rather than tumbling over one another, a vital feature for a safe riding arena.

Geotextile arenas have geotextile sand additives, including geotextile felts and fiber, that add knitting and cushioning effects to the sand, creating a more stable surface that provides concussion absorption and traction. This is vital for the safety and performance of horses in disciplines such as dressage and jumping These arenas typically act as all-weather arenas because of the drainage systems they include.

How to Choose the Right Arena Footing

Investing in a riding arena is a significant investment, and choosing the proper footing is one of the most important steps. Do it once, and do it right, with help from Kiser Arena Specialists. We have built natural footing arenas for all disciplines for over 30 years. We also have experience with designing geotextile footing blends for English disciplines.

Whether you decide a geotextile or natural footing arena is right for you, trust the expertise of Kiser Arena Specialists to help your horses perform to their maximum potential! To schedule a horse arena design and footing consultation, please contact us today!